Behind integration of specialized links into agrarian and industrial complex allocate separate complexes. For example, formula-feed plants, etc., with the second - a forage production, with the third - the meat and dairy industry enter a meat and dairy complex from the first sphere mechanical engineering for animal husbandry.
In the conditions of radical reforming of agrarian and industrial complex on fundamentals of market economy in particular actual there is a problem of formation of regional resource capacity of agrarian and industrial complex, optimum providing with production resources of all its spheres and their highly effective use.
For the Zakarpatye lowland characteristic, mainly, cespitose and podsolic and cespitose soils. Soils Predkarpatya in the basic cespitose and poverkhnostnogleeny. In a mountain zone brown forest soils prevail.
Economic power of firms of agrobusiness caused their leading role in coordination of intereconomic and agro-industrial communications. Firms of agrobusiness became initiators of the modern mechanism of control on technology and the organization of agricultural production, they define development of agriculture, transition to industrial trading companies of nonagricultural spheres of economy.
In industrially developed countries vertical integration is characteristic, mainly, for the firms occupied with processing of agricultural production (canning, dairy and sugar plants, meat-processing plants), and also firms which conduct material security of producers (for example, formula-feed plants) who create own agricultural enterprises; the farmer cooperative can sometimes be the integrator.
As a result of development of agro-industrial integration, association and merge of rather independent links of production and processing of agricultural raw materials, its delivery to the consumer is formed agro-industrial complex (agrarian and industrial complex). It is a difficult production system. The structure of agrarian and industrial complex is characterized on fields of activity, integration of specialized links and territoriality.
The analysis of an ecological condition of land resources testifies that for the last 35 years the area of bald-headed lands increased almost by 5 times, the areas salted, thoughtful, solonetzic, waterlogged and tekhnogenno the polluted farmland were considerably expanded. In whole from each 10 hectares of the land grounds used in agriculture, only 1 hectare has a normal ecological state. Average contents of a humus in soil decreased with 3,5 to 3,2%.